Canada has several economic streams available for immigration. The most popular streams are managed through the Express Entry system. Express Entry is a form of pool where applicants submit what is called an Expression of Interest. Once an online form has been completed, the application is given a score out of a possible 1200 points. Periodically, the Immigration Minister orders a pull from the pool of applicants with a minimum cut off score. The applicants that have more than the minimum score are issued an Invitation to Apply, the applicant then has a period of 90 days to provide all of the required information and supporting documentation to apply for permanent residence. Invitations to Apply can be issued under the following immigration classes:
- Federal skilled workers http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/immigrate/skilled/apply-who.asp
- Canadian experience class http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/immigrate/cec/apply-who.asp
- Federal skilled trades class http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/immigrate/trades/apply-who.asp and
- Some Provincial Nominees http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/immigrate/provincial/index.asp
Live-In caregiver / Caring for Children and Caring for People with High Medical Needs classes
The caring for children class and caring for people with high medical needs classes are two economic pilot programs targeted to foreign nationals with at least two years of full-time Canadian work experience in an eligible caregiver occupation, and who meet minimum education and language proficiency requirements.
Those eligible to apply are foreign nationals who have the ability to become economically established in Canada, intend to reside in a province other than Quebec, and meet all of the set criteria. This criteria includes two years of full-time Canadian work experience within the past four years, language proficiency that meets or exceeds the minimum threshold set for that occupation and meet the minimum education requirements. The applicant must also meet the relevant employment requirements listed in the National Occupational Classification (NOC) description of an eligible occupation, including licensing requirements if applicable.
Entrepreneurs and self- employed persons
The Self-Employed Persons Program seeks to bring people who will become self-employed in Canada under cultural activities, athletics or farming categories. To qualify, applicants under the cultural or athletic category must have the relevant experience in cultural activities or athletics and intend to make a significant contribution to the cultural or athletic life of Canada. To qualify under the farming category, the applicant must have experience in farm management and intend, and be able to, buy and manage a farm in Canada.